The US government, urged on by domestic public opinion calling for measures to stop carnage such as the one judged to be meaningless, imposed itself on the belligerents by forcing them to a signed peace in Dayton (in Ohio, USA), on November 21 of the same year. The agreements, which reshaped the institutional geography of the republic, were ratified in Paris the following month to give the impression that the European countries had also played a role in the pacification. In compliance with the peace clauses, the first elections were held on September 14, 1996, under international supervision. The three largest ethnic parties, the Muslim SDA, the Croatian HDE and the Serbian SDS, won the majority of the consensus and their respective leaders, the Muslim Izetbegović, the Croatian Zubak and the Serbian Krajisnik were elected to the collegiate presidency.
Despite the doubts raised by many about the correctness of the results, the office of president of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina was assumed by the Muslim Izetbegović. In January 1997 the Chamber of Deputies opened its proceedings by electing two co-prime ministers of the Republic, Boro Bosić (SDS) and Haris Silajdžić of the Party for Bosnia and Herzegovina (SBiH). In 1996 IFOR was replaced by the Stabilization Force) which, albeit under the patronage of NATO, saw the involvement of the United States decrease in favor of a greater presence of European troops. With the aim of enforcing the Dayton Accords more strictly and promoting the democratic growth of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the eighth CEI (Central European Initiative) summit met in Sarajevo in November 1997, attended by 16 heads of government and delegations of the European Community, NATO and the OSCE.
In early 1998, according to globalsciencellc, the new Serbian and Federal Yugoslav republics signed the “special ties” agreement, which would guarantee solid commercial cooperation, reinforced by the military non-aggression clause. Despite this, it was precisely the presidential and legislative elections (of 13 September 1998) that represented the most important novelty of Bosnian politics, rewarding the three nationalist parties: the Democratic Action Party (SDA), the Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ) and the Serbian Democratic Party (SDS). For the election of the head of state, the highest number of votes went again to the Muslim Alija Izetbegović of the Democratic Action Party, but, on the basis of a rotation agreement, the office was attributed to the Serbian Zivko Radišić, reconfirmed in 2000. In the meantime., in the Serbian Republic of Bosnia there were strong conflicts between the moderates and the supporters of the ultranationalist president Nikolola Poplasen. The latter, unexpectedly elected in September 1998 and dismissed in 1999 by the UN high representative, was accused of obstructing the peace process, as he had refused to reconfirm the Democrat Milorad Dodik, outgoing prime minister, the only one able to obtain a majority in the Parliament of the Serbian Republic; The military defeat inflicted on the country also had repercussions on the complex internal political framework in that he had refused to reconfirm the Democrat Milorad Dodik, the outgoing prime minister, the only one capable of obtaining a majority in the Parliament of the Serbian Republic; The military defeat inflicted on the country also had repercussions on the complex internal political framework in that he had refused to reconfirm the Democrat Milorad Dodik, the outgoing prime minister, the only one capable of obtaining a majority in the Parliament of the Serbian Republic;
The military defeat inflicted on the country also had repercussions on the complex internal political framework Serbia from NATO at the time of the war that broke out in Kosovo in 1999, the death of Croatian president Tudjman in the same year, the end, in Yugoslavia, of the Milošević regimein October 2000 and the electoral victory of the social-democratic-liberal coalition in the legislative and presidential elections in Croatia in 2000. Meanwhile, an international arbitration established that the city of Brčko, placed by the Dayton agreements under the provisional administration Bosnian Serb, was transformed into an autonomous and inter-ethnic district, governed by a multi-ethnic authority under the supervision of the international community.
In October 2000, one month before the political elections, Izetbegović prematurely withdrew from the collegial presidency for health reasons, however retaining the leadership of the party until the new electoral consultations that confirmed the affirmation of ethnic-based nationalist parties; the office of president was entrusted to the Muslim Zivko Radisiċ. There was no change in the electoral round of October 2002, in which the nationalist parties still won the majority of the votes. In 2004, Bosnian Serbian Prime Minister Dragan Mikerevic announced his resignation, in protest of the international authority sanctions imposed on the Serbian republic for failing to cooperate with the International Criminal Court in order to catch wanted Serbian war criminals. In October of the same year the Serbian Borislav Paravać was elected to the presidency of the republic; the other members of the rotating presidency were the Croatian Dragan Čović and the Bosniak Sulejman Tihić. On 2 December, the handover between NATO and the EU took place at the helm of the international military force. At the end of 2006, consultations took place to elect the three members of the presidency and the Parliament. The vote rewarded moderate parties; Haris Silajdzic for the Bosnian community, the Social Democrat Nebojša Radmanović for the Serbian and Željko Komšić for the Croatian one were elected to the presidency. Nikola Špirić was subsequently elected Prime Minister by the Parliament. In October 2010 the moderate Bakir Izetbegović, son of Alija, was elected to the collegiate presidency for the Bosnians; both for the Croats and for the Serbs the positions of 2006 were reconfirmed: Komšić and Radmanović. In 2011, the tripartite presidency appointed Croatian Vjekoslav Bevanda as the new premier.