Over 10,000 years ago people came to what is now Alabama, some living in Russell Cave. Thousands of years later, Native American tribes such as the Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, and Creek lived in the area. Although many Native Americans were forced to leave Alabama in the 1800s, some descendants of these tribes still live in the state today. Spanish explorers first appeared in the 1500s. The area was controlled at different times by England, France, and then Spain. Finally, it was signed in the United States – along with what is now the Mississippi – at San Lorenzo in 1795. In 1819, Alabama became a US state. He left the Union in 1861 and returned after the Civil War.
In the 1950s and 60s, Alabama was at the center of the civil rights movement. Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat on the bus to a white man in Montgomery. Many anti-segregation protests followed, often led by Martin Luther King Jr. The name of the state comes from the Alabama tribe, one of the Native American groups from the area. “Dixie” is a nickname for the Southern states, especially the Confederate states that left the Union during the Civil War. Alabama is called the Heart of Dixie because Montgomery, Alabama was the first Confederate capital.
According to itypetravel.com, this southern state is bordered by Tennessee to the north, Georgia to the east, Florida and Mobile Bay to the south, and Mississippi to the west. In the Highlands to the northwest you’ll find the Tennessee River Valley, while the Cumberland Plateau to the northeast is named after the flat-topped plateau. To the southeast is the Appalachian Ridge and Valley, which includes the Kusa River and iron-rich Red Mountain. The Piedmontese Uplands, in the central eastern part of the state, are rolling hills with Alabama’s highest peak, the 2,407-foot Mount Cheaha. The rest of the state is called the East Gulf Coastal Plain, which includes the plains and hills, as well as the Alabama, the state’s largest river at 314 miles long.
Wildlife of Alabama
Two of the rarest species in North America, the Perdido Key beach mouse and the Alabama beach mouse, lurk in Alabama. Coyotes, armadillos, deer, feral pigs and American alligators also roam the land. Birds like kites, bald eagles and hawks dot the skies, while the Gulf Coast water dog and the 20-inch eastern hell bend – North America’s largest salamander species by weight – are underfoot. Bamboo and mistletoe are both native to the state and other parts of the country, but the carnivorous plant Alabama reed pitcher, Alabama glacier, and Cahaba prairie clover can only be found here. The state’s over one hundred species of trees include pines, red cedars, magnolias, and live oaks, which are often covered in long, gray Spanish moss.
Population: 205.764 thousand people (2010)
Area: 404.5 sq. km
City status since: 1819
Time zone: UTC-6, summer UTC-5
Montgomery is the second most populous city in Alabama, but it is he who is its capital. The city is located on the Alabama River in the central part of the state. In addition, Montgomery is the center of the administrative district of the same name. See Alabama cities.
Prior to European colonization, the area was inhabited by the Creek and Alabama tribes. The first Europeans to visit the area were the conquistadors under the command of Hernando de Soto in 1540. The second time the “whites” visited these places only at the end of the 17th century, when the Scottish merchant McQuinn entered here, chose a wife from Indian women, and settled here. In general, the colonization of the Montgomery area was difficult – the Indians put up fierce resistance. Only in 1814, having suffered a final defeat, did they open the way for a broad European expansion. In 1817, General John Scott founded the city of Alabama. Two years later, several more settlements joined him, thus forming the city of Montgomery. Already in 1846 it became the capital of Alabama.
Montgomery is a significant city in American history. In 1861, representatives of the southern states founded the Confederate States of America here, and Montgomery became the capital of the Confederation. In 1886, the tram service appeared here for the first time in the United States. In the 1950s, a movement of African Americans for the abolition of racial segregation began in Montgomery, which was crowned with success. Martin Luther King, who preached at the local Baptist church, played a significant role in this. This church is an object of pilgrimage for many visitors to the city.
Other attractions of Montgomery are represented by the building of the local Capitol (it is a national treasure), the home of the only president of the Confederation, Jefferson Davis, several museums, a zoo and ancient buildings.