Experts aren’t entirely sure when people first came to the area now called Nevada, but they have found petroglyphs (rock paintings) up to 14,800 years old. Native American tribes have lived on this land since millennia, including the Northern and Southern Paiutes, the Moss and the Western Shoshone. The area was taken over by Spain in 1519, but as soon as Mexico gained independence from Spain in 1821, the land became part of Mexico. Then in 1848, at the end of the Mexican-American War, the United States took over the territory.
In 1859, gold and silver were found in the region, and thousands of settlers rushed there in hopes of becoming rich. Nevada became a state in 1864. The name Nevada comes from the Spanish word nieve, which roughly means “snowy”. The name of the state refers to the Sierra Nevada mountain range. It is named the Silver State after a large silver deposit that attracted settlers and bolstered the area’s economy.
Geography of Nevada
According to itypetravel.com, Nevada is bordered by Oregon and Idaho to the north, Utah and Arizona to the east, California to the west, and California and Arizona to the south. It is the most mountainous state in the United States and also the driest. State land can be divided into three different regions. The Columbia Plateau formed over hardened lava in the northeast corner of Nevada. Its high mountain ranges and deep canyons have been carved out as water has slowly eroded the land over millennia. The steep Sierra Nevada mountain range crosses part of southern Nevada. In one of its valleys along the California border, you’ll find Lake Tahoe, North America’s largest alpine lake. The rest of the state is covered by a basin and range area with over 150 mountain ranges, as well as many hills (flat-topped hills), hot springs, and geysers. The region is also home to the state’s highest point, Boundary Peak, which rises to approximately 13,140 feet. Also in this region, in the southern part of the state, the low Mojave Desert crosses the California border into Nevada.
Wildlife of Nevada
Nine species of squirrels, antelopes, bighorn sheep, Rocky Mountain goats, and black bears are among Nevada’s many mammals. Reptiles that live here include chakwallas (a type of lizard), desert tortoises, striped gila monsters, and western rattlesnakes. Look up to see the peregrine falcon, bald eagle, or mountain bluebird, the state bird. Amphibians of Nevada include Great Plains toads and spotted frogs in Colombia. Pinyon pine, Utah juniper, mesquite, and Great Basin bristlecone pine are trees that grow in the state. Nevada is also home to flowering plants such as sagebrush (the state flower), resin-scented creosote bush, Indian plaid, and flowering cacti such as beavertail prickly pear.
Population: 596.400 thousand people (2010)
Area: 340.0 sq. km
Time zone: UTC
Altitude: 610 m
The city of Las Vegas is located in the center of the Mojave Desert, in the west of America. The name of this gambling city is translated as “fertile valleys” or “saving water oasis”, which was found and named by a caravan of merchants who got lost in the hot desert. The basis of the city’s economy is gambling and related tourism industries. See Nevada cities.
Initially, the famous American city was a railway junction in the state of Nevada. The official date of its foundation is considered to be 1905, at that time gambling and gambling entertainment (fights without rules) appeared in Las Vegas. All the efforts of the local authorities to ban gambling in 1909 led to a sharp drop in the economy and living standards of the city. Therefore, in 1931, the ban on gambling was lifted and the gambling business was legalized and to this day brings the main income to the city.
In addition to gambling, Las Vegas in the 50s of the XX century attracted the attention of tourists with an unusual spectacle, which was called “Nuclear Mushrooms”. This spectacle was a consequence of nuclear weapons tests that were then carried out in the vicinity of Mercury and could be observed from the central hotels of the city.
Las Vegas is a casino city of endless colorful spectacles and countless temptations. The historical part of the city is the Las Vegas Strip, where there are popular casinos in America, hotels, as well as the famous Brooklyn Bridge. In addition to the Las Vegas Strip, Fremont Street in the old city center is a historical find for city visitors. It is famous not only for the number of famous casinos, but also for the unique video show on a huge screen, which completely blocks the street in the form of an arch.
In the Stratosphere Tower, you can enjoy the magnificence of the night Las Vegas from a height of 356 meters. An unforgettable sight for tourists are the dancing musical fountains of Bellagio, rising to a height of 150 meters. Among other attractions: gondoliers with “Venetian” channels, the largest reservoir in America, the Mead, the deepest Grand Canyon. Las Vegas is famous for its many luxurious hotels, which provide an opportunity for city guests to visit exhibitions, enjoy collections of paintings and rare cars. In Las Vegas, many world-famous and popular firms and companies hold presentations and advertise their products.