People lived in what is now New Hampshire at least 12,000 years ago. Thousands of years later, Indian tribes, including the Abenaki and Pennacook, lived on the land. French and English explorers began arriving in the 1500s, and the English established the first permanent European settlement in 1623. The French and British fought in the late 1600s and early 1700s, and at first the Indian tribes tried to stay out of the wars. But eventually they sided with the French, and when the British won more battles, the Native Americans were forced to leave the region.

Geography of New Hampshire

In 1776, during the American Revolution, New Hampshire became the first colony to create a constitution and declare its independence from Great Britain. In 1788 it was named the ninth state of the United States. The Englishman John Mason named New Hampshire after the county of Hampshire in England where he lived as a child. He invested in building on the land but never left England to see it. New Hampshire is nicknamed the Granite State because it has a history of mining granite.

Geography of New Hampshire

According to, New Hampshire is bordered by Canada to the north, Maine and the Atlantic Ocean to the east, Massachusetts to the south, and Vermont to the west. It can be divided into three different regions. The wooded White Mountains to the north include Mount Washington. At 6,288 feet, it is the highest point in New England. The White Mountains also featured the Old Man of the Mountain, a granite formation that looked like a human face. But in 2003, the stones collapsed. The Eastern Highlands of New England covers most of the central and southern parts of the state. It includes the rolling Merrimack Valley; the area of ​​hills and lakes, which contains Lake Winnipsokee (the state’s largest lake); and the valley of the Connecticut River, which forms the western border of New Hampshire. This region is also home to Mount Monadnock, one of the most popular mountains in the world! Coastal lowlands cover the southeastern corner of the state where it touches the Atlantic Ocean. Here you can find sandy beaches along the coastline and wetlands further inland.

Wildlife of New Hampshire

Eastern red bats, raccoons, white-tailed deer, and elk are among the mammals in New Hampshire. The state is home to birds such as great horned owls, hairy woodpeckers and night hawks. Common reptiles include black racing kites, painted turtles, and snapping turtles. And amphibians such as bullfrogs, slimy salamanders, and American toads live throughout the state. Eastern white pine, sugar maple, white oak, blue spruce, and black walnut are some of the New Hampshire trees. You can also find wildflowers such as purple aster, evening primroses, ranunculus, and an orchid called pink lady’s slipper (the state wildflower).


Population: 42.695 thousand people (2010)
Area: 174.9 sq. km
Founded: 1733
Time zone: UTC
Altitude: 88 m

In the northeast of the United States lies the city of Concord, which simultaneously serves as the administrative center of Merrimack County and the state of New Hampshire. The area of the settlement also includes water resources. The city is crossed by the Merrimack River, and its tributary Soukuk flanks Concord on the east side. In its western part lies Lake Penakuk. Another river Turkei flows through the southwestern part of the city. Oak Hill rises on its territory – the highest point of the settlement. See New Hampshire cities.

The area that Concord now occupies was inhabited by representatives of the Abenaki Indian tribe before the arrival of Europeans. Their main occupation was fishing in the local rivers and lake. The province of Massachusetts Bay, founded in 1691 by charter of the English king, eventually claimed the lands west of the Merrimack River. As a result, the Penukak colony soon appeared here, in which settlers from the town of Haverhill settled in 1725. After 8 years, the colony acquired the status of a city and the name Rumford. In 1765 it received the new name of Concord.

Throughout the 18th century, the settlement actively developed and increased its territory at the expense of the surrounding villages. During this period, many buildings were built, some of which have survived to this day on the northern end of Main Street. Following the conclusion of the Revolutionary War, Concord continued to develop. Thanks to its favorable geographical position within the state and prosperity, it had a chance to become its capital. They increased after a canal for the passage of ships was opened in 1807 and the city was connected to Boston by water.

Concord is famous for its landmarks, among which the building of the New Hampshire State Capitol, built in 1819, is in the lead. Subsequently, a west wing and a third floor were added to the building. Nearby is an old hotel that hosted presidents, important people and celebrities in its apartments. Equally famous in those days was Phoenix Hall, where Abraham Lincoln performed in 1860. After the fire, a new Phoenix Hall was erected in its place, where political speeches and theatrical performances often take place.


Geography of New Hampshire
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