Humans lived on the wide open plains of what is now Wyoming at least 12,000 years ago. Signs of these longtime residents include an ancient 245-foot stone shrine that was built near Lovell, Wyoming and may have been used for important ceremonies. Thousands of years later, Indian tribes lived on this land, including the Arapaho, Cheyenne, Crow, Shoshone, and Ute. See Wyoming cities.
Some historians believe that the first European to arrive in Europe was explorer François Louis Verendry in 1742. In 1868, Wyoming became a U.S. Territory, although U.S. cavalry (U.S. Army troops who fought on horseback) and Native Americans continued to fight for control of the land. In 1890, Wyoming became the 44th state. The Shoshone National Forest was designated in northwestern Wyoming in 1891 as part of the Timberland Yellowstone Preserve. It is the country’s first national forest. Members of the Shoshone and Arapaho tribes still live in Wyoming. Experts aren’t sure where the name Wyoming came from. The name may be derived from a Delaware Native American word meaning “alternating mountains and valleys” or “great plains”. It may also come from the Muncie language meaning “on a great river” or the Algonquian language meaning “great prairie place. It was nicknamed the “State of Equality” because it was the first state to grant women the right to vote, and for women to serve on juries and hold public office.
Geography of Wyoming
According to itypetravel.com, Wyoming borders Montana to the north; Montana, Idaho and Utah in the west; Utah and Colorado in the south; and Nebraska and South Dakota to the east. It can be divided into three regions. The Great Plains stretch across the eastern part of the state and are covered with shrubs and short grasses. This region also contains the Black Hills, where the Devil’s Tower National Monument (the first national monument) stands. Devils Tower is a massive, flat-topped hill with steep slopes. (You can think of national monuments as man-made buildings, but these sites can also be important landforms!) The mountain ranges of the Rocky Mountains run north to south through most of the state. Grand Teton National Park is here. Like Yellowstone, the world’s first national park. Yellowstone is known as Old Faithful, a geyser that erupts about 17 times a day. The Intermountain Basin region lies between mountain ranges and has short grasses and few trees. It includes the Red Desert, the largest living dune system in the United States.
Wildlife of Wyoming
Buffalo, grub, black bears, grizzlies, and bighorn sheep are some of Wyoming’s many mammals. Red-tailed hawks, prairie falcons, pine jays and mountain bluebirds are some of the birds that soar overhead. Reptiles include western painted turtles, rubber boas, Great Basin skinks, and Great Plains lizards. Amphibians such as Columbia spotted frogs, Wyoming toads and western tiger salamanders can be found here. Grasses, semi-desert and desert shrubs cover almost the entire state. Sagebrush and Rocky Mountain Juniper are examples of these plants. In forested areas, you can find ponderosa pines, dompole pines, and Douglas firs. Yarrow, sticky purple geranium, pink fairies, and Indian brush (the state flower) are some of the wildflowers that grow throughout Wyoming.