The Republic of Greece is a country in the south-eastern part of Europe at the southern tip of the Balkan Peninsula. To the north, it borders Bulgaria, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia and Albania, to the east by Turkey. To the east are the Aegean Sea, to the west the Ionian Sea and to the south the Libyan Sea, all parts of the Mediterranean. The capital is Athens.
According to Computerannals, Greece is considered by many to be the cradle of Western civilization and has a long and extensive history, during which its influence spread over three continents.
In 1896, 1906 and 2004, Greece hosted the modern Summer Olympics. The Olympic Games are originally from Greece.
Ancient Greece is considered by most historians to be the most important basic culture of Western civilization. Greek culture had a major impact on the Roman Empire, which in turn left its mark on European culture.
The country has extensive environmental problems. Coal is fired from some of Europe’s most polluting power plants, and large amounts of toxins, including heavy metals such as nickel and chromium, are discharged directly into streams. The best known example is the river Asopos north of Athens, where there is a marked increase in the number of cancer cases, miscarriages, as well as congenital malformations in humans and animals. There is a massive air pollution in the big cities, partly due to a very high population density, partly due to inefficiency and corruption in controlling vehicle exhaust levels. For the same reason, diesel cars are totally banned for private motorists throughout Greater Athens.
500 years BCE – The sundial is introduced in Greece. With this you divide the day into hours.
470 BC – The Greek Alchemy becomes the first to dissect the corpse of a human. He finds out that man thinks with the brain. Read more about dissecting people here.
440 years BCE – The philosopher Leukippos claims that everything that happens in nature happens for natural reasons. The gods have nothing to do with it. Read more here in English.
440 years BCE – Democritus claims that everything is made of atoms.
350 years BCE – Aristotle writes about logic in Oragon. Around the same time, he begins to divide animals into groups and makes his own theory of the Earth’s location in the universe.
23 – The Greek historian and philosopher Strabo summarizes what is known about the countries of the world in the book ” Geographia “.
1359-1821 – Greece was under the Ottoman Empire during this period.
1506 – Sir Richard Guylforde travels to the Holy Land first by ship from Trieste to the south via Kerkyra, where ” everyone speaks Greek, and Greek they really are “, down to Methoni with its great fortress, which he sailed past “out of fear of the Turks “. Read the full text here (in English)
1941 – The country is occupied by Germany. It is estimated that about 370,000 Greeks (about 7% of the population) lost their lives during World War II, many of these from starvation.
1944 – Germany withdraws from Greece.
1946-49 – Greek Civil War. The victory of the bourgeois and royalists in 1949 with the support of Britain and the United States. The civil war was marked by cruel assaults, partly on the opposing party’s forces, partly by assaults on both sides of the civilian population.
1964-1974 – Queen Anne-Marie, Danish princess, sister of Queen Magrethe II, and youngest daughter of King Frederik XI and Queen Ingrid, was married on 18 September 1964 to Constantine II of Greece and was thus Queen of Greece in Ten years. Anne-Marie and Konstantin have lived in exile after a failed military coup since 1967, first in Rome and then in Copenhagen and London.
2008 – Anthropology. Analyzes of a 40,000-year-old molar have revealed that the Neanderthals were a people in motion. The tooth has been found in a limestone cave in Greece, and with the help of laser technology, researchers from e.g. The Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology studied the small particles of strontium deposited in tooth enamel. Strontium is a naturally occurring metal that the owner of the tooth ingested with food and drink. As the strontium isotopes vary, depending on which area the Neanderthal got his food from, it reveals where he or she has resided. The laser examination showed that the site was at least 20 km. from the place where the owner grew up, suggesting that the Neanderthals did not live in the same place all their lives. ( Ill. Wide. No 11/2008 )