Jordan is an Arab nation located in the Middle East. It is bordered by Syria, Iraq, Israel, and Saudi Arabia. The population of Jordan is estimated to be around 9.5 million people, with the majority identifying as Muslim and a significant minority identifying as Christian. Jordan also has a large number of refugees and displaced persons, primarily from Syria and Iraq.
Jordan is a constitutional monarchy, with King Abdullah II serving as the head of state since 1999. The government is divided into three branches: executive, legislative and judicial. The executive branch is headed by the Prime Minister who is appointed by the King and has full executive authority over the government. The legislative branch consists of two chambers: The House of Representatives and the Senate; both are elected by popular vote for four-year terms. The judicial branch consists of both civil and religious courts which uphold both civil law based on Sharia law as well as international law standards such as human rights laws.
The economy of Jordan relies heavily on tourism, foreign aid from wealthy countries like Saudi Arabia, remittances from expatriates living abroad, exports such as phosphates and fertilizers, financial services such as banking and insurance services, manufacturing industries such as textiles and pharmaceuticals; all these activities combined account for around 40% of its GDP (Gross Domestic Product).
Jordan has made significant progress in improving human development since its independence in 1946; it has achieved gender equality in education at all levels (primary to tertiary) which has led to improved economic opportunities for women; it also boasts one of the highest literacy rates in the world at 97%. In terms of healthcare Jordan provides universal access to basic health care services including maternal health care through its Ministry of Health with support from international organizations like UNICEF; this has led to increased life expectancy among its citizens over recent years.
Jordan’s society remains largely conservative due to its strong adherence to Islamic values but there have been some positive changes in recent years such as increased freedoms for women including more access to education and employment opportunities outside traditional roles within society; these changes have been driven largely by an increased focus on youth engagement within politics which has resulted in more progressive policies being implemented at both local and national levels.
Overall, Jordanian society remains largely conservative but there have been positive developments in terms of advancing gender equality within education along with improved access to basic health care services for all citizens which are creating a more open environment for social change going forward into the future.
Demographics of Jordan
Jordan is an Arab country located in the Middle East. It is bordered by Syria, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, and Israel. According to wholevehicles.com, Jordan has a population of 10 million people in 2019. The majority of the population is Arab (98%), with small communities of Circassians, Armenians, and Chechens.
The majority of Jordan’s population are Sunni Muslims (92%), while Christians make up 6% and other religions make up 2%. Most Christians belong to the Greek Orthodox Church. The official language is Arabic, but English is widely spoken throughout the country. Jordan also has a large number of Palestinian refugees who have fled from their homes in Palestine due to conflict and violence.
Jordan’s population is young; approximately 40% are under 15 years old. The median age for males is 22 years old and 20 years old for females. The literacy rate in Jordan stands at 94%, higher than many other countries in the region. Education is free and compulsory up to the age of 15.
The economy of Jordan relies heavily on tourism as well as foreign aid from countries such as Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, and Qatar. The unemployment rate stands at around 14%, with many young people struggling to find work despite having a good education or qualifications due to limited job opportunities in the country. However, there has been some progress made recently with initiatives such as Enterprise Jordan which helps to create new businesses and jobs for local people.
Poverty in Jordan
Poverty is a major issue in Jordan, with the World Bank reporting that 17.2% of the population were living below the national poverty line in 2018. This is particularly acute in rural areas where poverty rates can be as high as 40%. The majority of those living in poverty are refugees or internally displaced people, who are more likely to be unemployed and lack access to resources such as education and healthcare.
The main causes of poverty in Jordan are unemployment, low wages, and rising living costs. The unemployment rate stands at 14%, which is higher than the Middle East average of 11%. Low wages are also a major factor, with many employees earning less than the minimum wage set by the government. This is especially true for those working in agriculture or tourism sectors. In addition, rising living costs have meant that many households struggle to make ends meet due to increased prices for food and other basic necessities.
The government has implemented several initiatives to combat poverty including providing cash transfers to those most in need and increasing access to education and healthcare services for vulnerable communities. In addition, Enterprise Jordan has been set up to help create new businesses and jobs which can provide employment opportunities for local people. Despite these efforts, there is still much work to be done if Jordan is going to reduce its high levels of poverty significantly.
Labor Market in Jordan
According to Countryvv, the labor market in Jordan is characterized by a large informal sector and high unemployment. According to the World Bank, the unemployment rate stands at 14%, which is higher than the Middle East average of 11%. This is particularly true for youth, with over 20% of those aged 15-24 currently unemployed. In addition, the majority of those in employment are working in the informal sector, where wages are often low and job security is poor.
The main cause of unemployment in Jordan is a mismatch between the skills of job seekers and the skills required by employers. Many young people lack relevant work experience or qualifications due to limited job opportunities in their local area. As a result, many are unable to find work despite having a good education or qualifications.
In an effort to address this issue, the government has implemented several initiatives such as Enterprise Jordan which helps to create new businesses and jobs for local people. In addition, there have been efforts made to provide vocational training and apprenticeship opportunities for young people so that they can gain relevant skills and experience that will help them secure employment.
Despite these efforts, much more needs to be done if Jordan is going to reduce its high levels of unemployment significantly. This includes providing better access to education and training opportunities so that young people can gain relevant skills that will help them compete in today’s labor market. In addition, there needs to be greater investment in businesses so that more job opportunities can be created for local people.