Montenegro is a small, Balkan nation located on the Adriatic Sea. It is bordered by Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, Kosovo and Albania. The country has a population of just over 620,000 people and an area of 13,812 square kilometers. Montenegro’s capital and largest city is Podgorica.
Montenegro is a highly diverse society with a mix of cultures and religions. The official language is Montenegrin (a variation of Serbian). There are also many minority languages spoken including Albanian, Bosnian, Croatian and Romani. The majority of Montenegrins are Orthodox Christian with some Muslims and Catholics also present in the population.
The economy of Montenegro is largely driven by tourism as well as agriculture and industry. Tourism accounts for around 10% of the country’s GDP while agriculture contributes around 15%. Montenegro has also recently started to develop its energy sector with plans to build hydroelectric dams on several rivers in the country.
The government in Montenegro is a parliamentary democracy with an elected president who serves as head of state as well as head of government. The government also consists of two chambers: the Assembly (lower house) and Senate (upper house). Both houses are elected by popular vote every four years through universal suffrage for citizens aged 18 years or older.
Montenegrin culture is heavily influenced by its long history; it was part of the Roman Empire until 1496 when it became part of Yugoslavia until 1992 when independence was declared following a referendum held in 2006 which saw 55% vote for independence from Serbia-Montenegro union. This rich history has left its mark on Montenegrin culture which can be seen in its art, architecture, music and cuisine which all reflect the various influences from throughout its long history such as Slavic, Mediterranean and Ottoman elements among others.
Overall, Montenegro is an incredibly diverse society with a wide variety of cultures living side-by-side peacefully in this small Balkan nation on the Adriatic Sea coast. Its economy is largely driven by tourism but there have been recent efforts to diversify into other industries such as energy production while its government operates under democratic principles that ensure citizens have equal rights regardless religion or ethnicity.
Demographics of Montenegro
According to wholevehicles.com, Montenegro is a small Balkan nation located on the Adriatic Sea coast with a population of approximately 622,000 people. The majority of Montenegrins are Slavic in origin and speak the official language of Montenegrin (a variation of Serbian). There are also many minority languages spoken including Albanian, Bosnian, Croatian and Romani.
The population of Montenegro is relatively young with around 24% aged 0-14 years old and around 14% aged 65 years or older. The population is also fairly well-educated with a literacy rate of 98%. The majority of Montenegrins identify as Orthodox Christian (72%), while 17% practice Islam and 4% follow Catholicism. There are also small numbers who practice other religions or are non-religious.
Montenegro has experienced significant migration in recent years due to economic opportunities abroad and within Europe. In particular, there has been an influx of immigrants from Albania, Bosnia, Croatia and Serbia, as well as from other parts of Europe such as Italy and Romania. This has resulted in a diverse ethnic mix with Albanians making up 8%, Bosnians 7%, Serbs 5%, Croats 2% as well Roma minorities making up 1%.
The economy in Montenegro is largely driven by tourism which accounts for around 10% of the country’s GDP while agriculture contributes around 15%. There have been recent efforts to diversify into other industries such as energy production which has seen plans to build hydroelectric dams on several rivers in the country.
Overall, Montenegro is an incredibly diverse society made up of numerous ethnicities living side-by-side peacefully in this small Balkan nation on the Adriatic Sea coast. It has a large percentage of young people combined with a high literacy rate which bodes well for its future development prospects both economically and socially.
Poverty in Montenegro
Poverty is an issue that affects many of the countries in the Balkans, and Montenegro is no exception. Although Montenegro has seen significant economic growth in recent years, poverty remains a major problem in the country. According to World Bank statistics, around 18% of Montenegrins lived below the poverty line in 2016. This number is even higher for rural areas where approximately 25% of people are living in poverty.
The main causes of poverty in Montenegro are a lack of employment opportunities and low wages. The unemployment rate stands at 13%, which is considerably higher than the average rate for Europe as a whole. In addition to this, wages remain very low with an average monthly income of just €400 per month (or €4,800 per year). This means that many people are unable to make ends meet and are forced into poverty as a result.
Poverty also disproportionately affects certain sections of society such as children and elderly people. According to UNICEF, 25% of children aged 0-17 live below the poverty line with 8% living in extreme poverty. Similarly, elderly people also suffer from high levels of poverty with nearly 20% living below the national threshold for poverty.
The government has implemented various programs to help alleviate poverty including providing access to affordable housing and social welfare payments for those who cannot work due to age or disability. However, these measures have not been enough to significantly reduce the overall levels of poverty and more needs to be done if Montenegro is going to make progress towards reducing its levels of inequality and deprivation.
Labor Market in Montenegro
According to Countryvv, the labor market in Montenegro has seen considerable changes over the past decade. The country has experienced an increase in employment rates, a decrease in unemployment and a rise in wages. However, there are still some issues that need to be addressed in order to improve the labor market further.
The employment rate stands at around 62%, which is higher than the European average of 58%. This rate is even higher for women, with 67% of women aged 15-64 employed compared to 58% of men. In addition to this, unemployment has decreased from 17% in 2008 to 13% in 2018. This decrease has been driven by a growing economy and increased investment from abroad.
Despite these improvements, wages remain low with an average monthly wage of just €400 (or €4,800 per year). This low wage means that many people are unable to make ends meet and are forced into poverty as a result. In addition to this, there is also a lack of job security with many employees working on short-term contracts or without any contract at all.
The government has implemented various policies aimed at improving the labor market including increasing minimum wages and introducing measures such as flexicurity (a combination of flexible employment conditions and social security). However, more needs to be done if Montenegro is going to reduce inequality and deprivation within its labor force.
Overall, the labor market in Montenegro has seen significant improvements over the past decade but there is still more work that needs to be done if it is going to continue on its path towards economic development and social progress.