Taking Antibiotics in Pregnancy: Is It Safe or Not?

Taking antibiotics during pregnancy is safe. The choice will be adjusted to the clinical situation in accordance with the medicines allowed pregnancy.

Taking Antibiotics in Pregnancy

In general, antibiotics should not be taken during pregnancy, however, there are cases in which it may be indispensable to the health of the pregnant woman and the fetus. In these cases, the intake of antibiotics in pregnancy must be considered, according to a careful evaluation of risk/benefit.

There are few clinical information about the effect of new antibiotics on pregnancy and the risk of complication, fetal. Therefore, the antibiotics older are typically the first prescribed by obstetricians because it is on these that support most of the tests in pregnancy.

However, in some cases, despite the lack of human testing during pregnancy, obstetricians are faced with a problem of risk versus benefit. If the benefits of prescribing antibiotics in pregnancy outweigh the potential risks, the antibiotic in question is chosen.

It is so important to demystify this question. In some cases, such as in the infections of the urinary tract, to stop the infection by treating this will represent a bigger risk to the pregnancy and to the fetus than the risks involved in taking any antibiotic to treat it.

IS IT SAFE TO TAKE ANTIBIOTICS IN PREGNANCY?

The prescription of antibiotics in pregnancy is always very well-considered. Therefore, the primordial point is to trust in your doctor.

As a rule, the intake of antibiotics in pregnancy is carried out according to these criteria:

  • Only use antibiotics when no other treatment option is sufficient;
  • Avoid prescribing antibiotics during the first trimester of pregnancy, when possible;
  • Choose an antibiotic safe in pregnancy;
  • Prescribe the lowest dosage possible proven.

Should never be taken antibiotics without a careful medical assessment. If your doctor prescribe an antibiotic in pregnancy, it is likely that the drug if you enter in category A or category B of the list of approved drugs for use during pregnancy.

This list, widely accepted, are described five categories that vary in accordance with the evidence and the potential risk of causing birth defects if used during pregnancy. The categories are determined by the reliability of documentation and the risk/benefit. The categories are: A, B, C, D, and X.

In The category, are the antibiotics which showed increased risk of fetal anomalies. While at the opposite extreme, the category X are those that have demonstrated positive evidence of fetal anomalies, its use being contraindicated in women who are or may become pregnant.

THE LIST OF ANTIBIOTICS THAT SHOULD NOT BE USED IN PREGNANCY

This is the list of antibiotics that should not be part of your medication if you are pregnant:

  • Fluoroquinolones, such as ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin, among others have described the possibility of abnormalities of the bones and joints (observed only in animals);
  • Nitrofurantoin has described a possible rupture of the red blood cells in women or fetuses who have a deficiency of an enzyme called G6PD;
  • Taking the tetracycline increases the possibility of bone growth to slow and yellowing permanent teeth;
  • Trimethoprim may cause defects in the brain and in the spinal cord, such as spina bifida.

DO NOT FEAR THE INTAKE OF ANTIBIOTICS IN PREGNANCY

There are antibiotics that can be used with safety at any time of the pregnancy, but there are also those that are demonstrably harmful to the fetus.

If they followed the guidance of your doctor, you don’t need to be afraid of taking antibiotics during pregnancy. Many of the antibiotics allowed in pregnancy are already used for decades without that have been identified serious problems of malformation.

 

 

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