Hypertension affects millions of people and is one of the main associated causes of cardiovascular diseases. Get to know the main risk factors.
It is estimated that in Portugal there are about two million people suffer from high blood pressure. However, much still remains to diagnose or treat, and for this reason it is fundamental to the identification of risk factors and the prevention of the disease. But before you go to the causes behind disease you may want to understand what is high blood pressure.
WHAT IS HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE?
As the name indicates, the arterial hypertension is characterized by elevation of blood pressure or increase of the values of blood pressure in cases of hypertension will be greater than or equal to 140 mm Hg (millimeters of mercury), in the case of systolic pressure, and 90 mg Hg, blood pressure diastolic.
Also referred to as “the silent killer”, the name is due to the fact that the symptoms may take years to finely speak up and affect a vital organ – the heart. Moreover, high blood pressure is one of the main causes of cardiovascular disease. A fact disturbing if we think that, of the two million hypertensive patients in Portugal, only half-aware of his condition, being that only one room is treated and 16% controlled.
THE MAIN CAUSES
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