The Main Causes of Hypertension

Hypertension affects millions of people and is one of the main associated causes of cardiovascular diseases. Get to know the main risk factors.

Main Causes of Hypertension

It is estimated that in Portugal there are about two million people suffer from high blood pressure. However, much still remains to diagnose or treat, and for this reason it is fundamental to the identification of risk factors and the prevention of the disease. But before you go to the causes behind disease you may want to understand what is high blood pressure.

WHAT IS HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE?

 

As the name indicates, the arterial hypertension is characterized by elevation of blood pressure or increase of the values of blood pressure in cases of hypertension will be greater than or equal to 140 mm Hg (millimeters of mercury), in the case of systolic pressure, and 90 mg Hg, blood pressure diastolic.

Also referred to as “the silent killer”, the name is due to the fact that the symptoms may take years to finely speak up and affect a vital organ – the heart. Moreover, high blood pressure is one of the main causes of cardiovascular disease. A fact disturbing if we think that, of the two million hypertensive patients in Portugal, only half-aware of his condition, being that only one room is treated and 16% controlled.

 

The secret to preventing this disease goes on much by the adoption of a healthy lifestyle. It is also crucial that the detection and the follow-up is done at an early stage of the problem so that you can reduce the risk of suffer cardiovascular disease. This detection can easily happen if you have a care as simple as measure your blood pressure frequently. It’s quick, painless, and can avoid you many problems. But not only that. You may also want to be aware of the risk factors and the main causes of high blood pressure.

 

THE MAIN CAUSES

 

In fact, in the vast majority of cases (about 90 to 95% of them) are not detected causes for high blood pressure. However, there are situations in which high blood pressure can be associated with other diseases (such as, for example: sleep apnea, chronic kidney disease, hyperaldosteronism, or Cushing’s syndrome, among others). In addition, it is also thought that this pathology can be due to hereditary factors, environmental or lifestyles unhealthy, for example. Moreover, among the main risk factors stand out:

 

1. Excessive consumption of salt or alcohol
2. Excess weight (obesity)
3. Sedentary lifestyle
4. Unbalanced diet
5. Stress
 6. Smoking

 

As for hereditary factors, there is nothing to do, but the same cannot be said of the style of life. Knowing what are the risk factors is in their hands to correct them and prevent or combat this disease.

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