National Flag of Turkey
According to aceinland, the national flag of Turkey is a red banner with a white crescent moon and star in the middle. It is one of the most recognizable flags in the world, and it has been used as a symbol of Turkish identity since the late 19th century. The flag is based on an older Ottoman Empire design, which was adopted by the Republic of Turkey after its founding in 1923.
The red color of the flag symbolizes courage, strength, and bravery, while the white crescent moon and star are symbols of Islam, representing ‘the light that guides all men’. The crescent moon and star have been used to represent Islam since at least 1277 AD when they first appeared on coins minted by Anatolian Seljuk Sultan Kaykhusraw I.
The flag is flown all over Turkey and it is also recognized by international organizations such as NATO as well as many other countries. It is also used to represent Turkish culture and people at many different events around the world including sports tournaments and cultural festivals. Additionally, it has been featured prominently in films such as “Lawrence of Arabia” (1962) and “Midnight Express” (1978).
The national flag of Turkey is an important symbol for Turks all over the world, representing their shared history, culture, and values. It serves as a reminder that Turks stand united despite their differences in opinions or beliefs.
Presidents of Turkey
The President of Turkey is the head of state and commander-in-chief of the armed forces. The president is elected by popular vote for a five-year term and can serve up to two terms in office. The current president is Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, who was first elected in 2014.
The first president of Turkey was Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, who founded modern Turkey in 1923 and served as its leader until his death in 1938. He was succeeded by İsmet İnönü, who served until 1950 when Celal Bayar became the third president. Bayar was followed by Cemal Gürsel (1960–1966) and then Cevdet Sunay (1966–1973). In 1973, Fahri Korutürk took office as the sixth president and he served until 1980 when Kenan Evren assumed the presidency.
Evren was followed by Turgut Özal (1989–1993), Süleyman Demirel (1993–2000), Ahmet Necdet Sezer (2000–2007), Abdullah Gül (2007–2014), and Finally, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan in 2014. During Erdogan’s tenure, Turkey has seen significant political changes with a new constitution being implemented in 2017 that grants more power to the presidency than ever before.
The presidents of Turkey have played a critical role in shaping the country’s history since its founding nearly a century ago. They have represented Turkish identity on the world stage while also working to advance economic growth and social justice within their own nation’s borders.
Prime Ministers of Turkey
The Prime Minister of Turkey is the head of government and the leader of the cabinet. The Prime Minister is appointed by the President and serves at his/her pleasure. The current Prime Minister is Binali Yıldırım, who has held office since 2016.
The first Prime Minister of Turkey was İsmet İnönü, who served from 1923 to 1924 when he was succeeded by Ali Fethi Okyar. Okyar was followed by Recep Peker (1924–1925), Fethi Okyar (1925–1937), Celal Bayar (1937–1939), Refik Saydam (1939–1942) and Şükrü Saracoğlu (1942–1945). After World War II, Hasan Saka took office as the seventh prime minister in 1945 and served until 1947 when he was succeeded by Celal Bayar for a second term.
Bayar was followed by Adnan Menderes (1950–1960), Cemal Gürsel (1960–1965), Süleyman Demirel (1965–1971), Nihat Erim (1971–1972), Ferit Melen (1972–1973), Naim Talu (1973–1974) and Bülent Ecevit (1974–1977). In 1977, Süleyman Demirel returned as prime minister until 1980 when Turgut Özal assumed office. Özal held office until 1989 when he was replaced by Yıldırım Akbulut. Akbulut was followed by Mesut Yılmaz in 1991, Tansu Çiller in 1996, Necmettin Erbakan in 1996, Bülent Ecevit again in 1999, Abdullah Gül in 2002, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan in 2003 and Ahmet Davutoğlu in 2014 before Yildirim assumed office again in 2016.
The prime ministers of Turkey have had a significant impact on the country’s development over the last century. They have been responsible for guiding its economic growth, promoting social justice and representing Turkish values on the world stage.